AIR FREIGHT: NEW OFFICIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDUSTRY
Shipping cargo by air has always been a high cost-to-weight (Volumetric) form of shipment, countered by the fact that it’s the fastest way to transport goods internationally.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF AIR FREIGHT?
- Time – transporting goods with air freight saves time – it’s much faster than shipping, rail or road transport
- Reliable – flights generally have reliable arrival and departure times with very few delays, so the shipment of cargo by air is very likely to arrive on time
- Low insurance premium – due to the shipment duration being so short, insurance premiums on air freight are generally lower
- Secure – the shipment of cargo by air is tightly managed by security, so the chance of cargo being stolen or damaged is low
- Less warehousing requirements – the clearance time for air freight is fast, and there’s generally less stock to unload than that for cargo ships, so customs clearance is fast, and the need for local warehousing is much lower
TYPES OF AIR CARGO
There are two types of air cargo – general and special cargo.
General cargo includes high-value goods, such as electronics, jewelry and pharmaceuticals. Air shipping is more expensive than shipping by sea, but due to the high margins and the fact that many electronic goods are fragile, air freight is the most appropriate form of transport.
Special cargo requires special conditions for transporting goods, such as temperature control, certain air conditions or protected casing (e.g. if the goods are hazardous or livestock).
WHAT NOT TO SHIP BY AIR FREIGHT:
The following goods cannot be transported by air
- UN classified dangerous goods
- Lithium Batteries
- Power Supplies or Power Banks
- Illegal Goods
- Flammable Substances
- Biochemical Products
HOW ARE GOODS SHIPPED BY AIR?
Airfreight can be consolidated into consoles. Consolidating freight with other shippers is often more cost-effective due to economies of scale, although it can often take time to pair up or group shipments.
When shipping goods, you’ll require a Master Airway Bill (MAWB), which is essentially a note issued by an airline or authorised agent which shows evidence of the contract of carriage. An airway bill works in a similar way to a Bill of Lading.
AIR FREIGHT COSTS AND PRICING
SO HOW MUCH DOES AIR FREIGHT COST?
Air freight pricing is calculated from three factors:
- Shipment Type (size and weight of goods, as well any specific requirements in the case of special cargo)
- Destination (international airport or a local / goods only airport)
- Speed at which delivery is required
In addition to this, air freight would incur other additional costs such as insurance, surcharges and customs duty / taxes.